BookStack 知識庫安裝流程 -CentOS 8

這套由 Jason Cheng 節省哥所介紹的開源軟體,BookStack 這是一套免費又開源軟體可以拿來當成一書籍來使用,這套系統是由目前最熱門的 PHP MVC 裡的 Laravel 架構所寫出來的,可以記錄有關於技術及備忘錄

運行環境


CentOS 8、Nginx 1.17、PHP 7.4、Mariadb 10.4

WEB 服務安裝


可以參考本知識庫的 WBE 服務安裝流程 CentOS 8 LNMP 安裝

BookStack 資料庫設定


mysql -u root -p   # 登入資料庫裡設定資表及權限

CREATE DATABASE IF NOT EXISTS bookstackdb DEFAULT CHARACTER SET utf8 COLLATE utf8_general_ci; #在資料庫裡新增BookStack表單
GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON bookstackdb.* TO 'bookstackuser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'password' WITH GRANT OPTION; #密碼請自己輸入好記錄的密碼
FLUSH PRIVILEGES;

PHP 服務設定


  • PHP 套件安裝
dnf install -y php php-mysqlnd php-pdo php-xml php-pear php-devel php-mbstring re2c gcc-c++ gcc \
php-fpm php-mysql php-gd php-cli php-json php-opcache php-curl php-ldap php-odbc php-xmlrpc php-soap \
curl curl-devel php-intl php-zip php-openssl php-tidy php-tokenizer php-xml
  • 安裝好 PHP 要去修改 「vim /etc/php.ini」 設定檔
修改前
;cgi.fix_pathinfo=1
修改後
cgi.fix_pathinfo=0
修改時區
[Date]
修改前
;date.timezone = 
修改後
date.timezone = Asia/Taipei
修改資料上傳限制
; 上傳檔案大小上限(單一檔案大小)
upload_max_filesize = 50M 

; POST 大小上限(所有檔案大小加總)
post_max_size = 200M

; 記憶體用量上限
memory_limit = 512M

; Script執行時間上限(單位:秒)
max_execution_time = 600

; Script處理資料時間上限(單位:秒)
max_input_time = 600

; Socket無回應斷線時間(單位:秒)
default_socket_timeout = 600

存檔
:wq
  • 設定「php-fpm」「vim /etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf
由誰使用此服務
; RPM: apache user chosen to provide access to the same directories as httpd
;user = apache
user = nginx
; RPM: Keep a group allowed to write in log dir.
;group = apache
group =nginx

;   '/path/to/unix/socket' - to listen on a unix socket.
; Note: This value is mandatory.
;listen = /run/php-fpm/www.sock
listen = 127.0.0.1:9000

; Set permissions for unix socket, if one is used. In Linux, read/write
; permissions must be set in order to allow connections from a web server.
; Default Values: user and group are set as the running user
;                 mode is set to 0660
listen.owner = nginx
listen.group = nginx
listen.mode = 0660

php_value[session.save_path]    = /var/www/html/sessions

修改好存檔
:wq
  • 重啟及開機自動啟動 php-fpm 服務
systemctl restart php-fpm

Nginx 設定檔


  • 設定檔位置
mv /etc/nginx/nginx.conf /etc/nginx/nginx.conf.orig   # 備份原本預設的設定檔
vim /etc/nginx/nginx.conf   # 新增新的nginx設定檔
  • 全域設定
user nginx;
worker_processes auto;
error_log /var/log/nginx/error.log;
pid /run/nginx.pid;
include /usr/share/nginx/modules/*.conf;
#
events {
    worker_connections 1024;
}
#
http {
    log_format main  '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '
                      '$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '
                      '"$http_user_agent" "$http_x_forwarded_for"';
#
    access_log /var/log/nginx/access.log  main;
#
#
    client_body_timeout 120s;
#
    server_tokens off;
#
# Default is 60, May need to be increased for very large uploads
#
    sendfile on;
    tcp_nopush on;
    tcp_nodelay on;
    keepalive_timeout 65;
    types_hash_max_size 2048;
#
    include /etc/nginx/mime.types;
    include /etc/nginx/conf.d/*.conf;
    default_type application/octet-stream;
#
# HSTS (ngx_http_headers_module is required) (15768000 seconds = 6 months)
#
    add_header Strict-Transport-Security "max-age=31536000; includeSubDomains; preload";
    add_header X-Frame-Options SAMEORIGIN;
    add_header X-Powered-By eiblog/1.3.0;
    add_header X-Content-Type-Options nosniff;
    add_header Referrer-Policy "no-referrer-when-downgrade";
    add_header Cache-Control no-cache;
#
    brotli on;
    brotli_comp_level 6;
    brotli_min_length 512;
    brotli_types text/plain text/javascript text/css text/xml text/x-component application/javascript application/x-javascript application/xml application/json application/xhtml+xml application/rss+xml application/atom+xml application/x-font-ttf application/vnd.ms-fontobject image/svg+xml image/x-icon font/opentype;
    brotli_static always;
}
  • 在 conf.d 目錄下新增設定檔
vim /etc/nginx/conf.d/bookstack.conf   #網頁的設定檔
  • 服務器設定檔
#
server {
    listen 80;
    server_name 您的網域;
    rewrite ^(.*)$ https://${server_name}$1 permanent;
}
#
server {
    listen 443 ssl http2;
    listen [::]:443 ssl http2;
    server_name 您的網域;
    root /var/www/html/BookStack/public;
#
# certs sent to the client in SERVER HELLO are concatenated in ssl_certificate
#
    ssl_certificate /etc/nginx/ssl/fullchain.pem;
    ssl_certificate_key /etc/nginx/ssl/privkey.pem;
    ssl_session_timeout 1d;
    ssl_session_cache shared:SSL:50m;
    ssl_session_tickets on;
#
# intermediate configuration. tweak to your needs.
#
    ssl_protocols TLSv1.1 TLSv1.2 TLSv1.3;
    ssl_ciphers 'TLS13-AES-256-GCM-SHA384:TLS13-CHACHA20-POLY1305-SHA256:TLS13-AES-128-GCM-SHA256:TLS13-AES-128-CCM-8-SHA256:TLS13-AES-128-CCM-SHA256:EECDH+CHACHA20:EECDH+CHACHA20-draft:EECDH+ECDSA+AES128:EECDH+aRSA+AES128:RSA+AES128:EECDH+ECDSA+AES256:EECDH+aRSA+AES256:RSA+AES256:EECDH+ECDSA+3DES:EECDH+aRSA+3DES:RSA+3DES:!MD5';
    ssl_prefer_server_ciphers on;
#
    access_log /var/log/nginx/bookstack_access.log;
    error_log /var/log/nginx/bookstack_error.log;
#
    client_max_body_size 1G;
    fastcgi_buffers 64 4K;
#
    index index.php;
#
    location / {
        try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php?$query_string;
    }
#
#
    location ~ ^/(?:\.htaccess|data|config|db_structure\.xml|README) {
        deny all;
    }
#
    location ~ \.php(?:$|/) {
        fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+\.php)(/.+)$;
        include fastcgi_params;
        fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
        fastcgi_param PATH_INFO $fastcgi_path_info;
        #fastcgi_pass unix:/var/run/php-fpm.sock;
        fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;
    }
#
    location ~* \.(?:ogg|ogv|svg|svgz|eot|otf|woff|mp4|ttf|css|rss|atom|js|jpg|jpeg|gif|png|ico|zip|tgz|gz|rar|bz2|doc|xls|exe|ppt|tar|mid|midi|wav|bmp|rtf)$ {
        expires 30d;
        access_log off;
    }
}

BookStack 服務安裝


  • 安裝 Composer 作曲家服務
cd /usr/local/bin   # 將dirs更改為我們希望將composer安裝到的位置
curl -sS https://getcomposer.org/installer | php   # 安裝 composer
mv composer.phar composer   # 重新命名 composer
  • BookStack 放置位置
cd /var/www/html   # 希望將 BookStack 存放的位置   
mkdir /var/www/html/sessions   # 新增from php sessions
git clone https://github.com/BookStackApp/BookStack.git --branch release --single-branch   # 從github上下載最新版本的BookStackApp資料
cd BookStack && composer install --no-dev    # 進入到BookStack目錄下用composer安裝服務
  • BookStack 設定
cp .env.example .env   # 複製範本設定文件
vim .env   # 更新與數據庫中的新的配置,以及其他設置
---
DB_HOST=localhost
DB_DATABASE=bookstackdb
DB_USERNAME=bookstackuser
DB_PASSWORD=bookstackpass
---

All other settings are fine as default, but feel free to change any others as you see fit.

php artisan key:generate --force   # 在.env中生成並更新APP_KEY
chown -R nginx:nginx /var/www/html/{BookStack,sessions}   # 將所有權更改為Web服務器用戶
php artisan migrate --force   # 產生新的資料庫表及其他設定
  • 開啟瀏灠器輸入 http://server_ip 預設帳號為: [email protected]、密碼為:password

備註


  • 如果在安裝 BookStack 時發生以下錯誤,表示在安裝 php 時有套件尚未安裝到需手動安裝。
Problem 1
    - The requested PHP extension ext-tidy * is missing from your system. Install or enable PHP's tidy extension.
  Problem 2
    - Installation request for gathercontent/htmldiff 0.2.1 -> satisfiable by gathercontent/htmldiff[0.2.1].
    - gathercontent/htmldiff 0.2.1 requires ext-tidy * -> the requested PHP extension tidy is missing from your system.
  • PHP 7.4 中少安裝到 php-tidy 所造成無法安裝,安裝此套件後就再重新安裝一次 BookStack 服務就可以了
dnf install php-tidy -y



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